Photography has turned to be a booming industry in today’s date. From pinhole cameras, box cameras, polaroid to modern-day digital cameras, photographers have come a long way. The field has witnessed various ups and downs in the course of its evolution. And today, it stands strong as one of the best professional fields. Today, there are tons of photographers in the business. However, most beginners fall into the trap of fancy equipment and end up spending their money on a bucket full of lenses and other things.
Confused about which lenses to purchase as a professional or freelance photographer?
Here is a brief insight – Whenever an individual decides to step into the world of photography, the majority of the newbie, have their hands on an efficient camera. However, they just underestimate the lenses’ types and begin their journey with the lens kit coming with the cameras. But to capture those perfect shots as a professional photographer, you need a blend of tools.
A pack of quality lenses pops up as the most essential equipment for the photographer. No matter you are a freelancer or a professional photographer, you must mandatorily have your hands on the top five types of lenses. If you are wondering which lenses you require for tailoring an incredible career in photography, continue to read this article.
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Why do you need different types of lenses?
If you are a photographer, your camera and its lens are your ultimate weapon. Lenses are one of the primary tools you need as a photographer. There are several types of lenses designed for different kinds of shoots. Some bring you longer focal length, while some present you with a wide aperture to click razor-sharp images. There are different lenses according to the shoots.
For instance, you require a specific type of lens for landscape photography, while another type comes to work for portrait photography and so on. So, there’s a wide range of lenses used for different purposes, and you must pick the lenses as per your needs and demands of your profession. Here are the top five lenses that every photographer must have –
Top 5 Lenses That Every Photographer Must Have
1. Standard or Normal Lenses
Standard lenses come with a mid-range focal length that ranges between 40mm to 60mm. The most commonly used focal length is 50mm. It primarily offers a fast aperture and is pretty cheap in comparison to the other lenses. These lenses are trendy and come in different sizes and shapes. These let you shoot fairly wide shots and offer an ample amount of zooming facility.
When to use a standard lens
As the name suggests, these lenses are suitable for standard shots. They can help you get those natural pictures. Some photography genres where these lenses are used are –
- Street Photography
- Portrait Photography
- Still Photography
- Landscape Photography
2. Macro Lens
A macro lens helps you to take close-up shots. These are primarily used to get in-depth pictures, specifically details of insects or flowers. A good macro lens comes with a 1:1 magnification ratio which lets you get perfect macro shots. They are typically small and lightweight. So, they are much more convenient to carry. If you need some fantastic, detailed shots, a macro lens is something you need.
When to use a macro lens
A macro lens is an excellent all-around purchase. It not only helps you get detailed shots but also allows you to click decent portrait images. Here are the fields where the macro lens is prominently used –
- Nature photography
- Product photography
- Insect photography
3. Telephoto Zoom Lens
The most widely used telephone zoom lens ranges between 70mm to 200mm. These lenses allow you to get multiple types of shots. You can use standard view shots on the wide mode and close shots on the long end. These lenses are incredibly beneficial for photographers who shoot medium to large photos.
They are also helpful in outdoor shoots as their enhanced compression fills the background in zoomed images to give better pictures. Telephoto zoom lenses are primarily used for photographing in sports, wedding, and architecture fields. These are handy portrait lenses as the focal length of the lenses minimizes distortion and narrows down the field of view to let your subject occupy the frame.
When to use a telephoto zoom lens
Being heavy and usually big in size, the telephoto lens is mainly used for outdoor shoots. Mostly when you want to take far away shots. Here are the fields where it is used –
- Wildlife Photography
- Sports and Architecture photography
4. Wide Angle Lens
Do you love taking group photos? If yes, then a wide-angle lens is something vital for you. These lenses help you to capture wide shots that fit more into the frame. The lens comes with a low focal length which is typically below 40mm. The small focal length allows you to capture extended shots at a shorter distance.
When to use a wide-angle lens
Although these are used by many photographers, you must use these lenses strategically. Make sure you use them only when you want to cover a large area with a single picture. Here is when you can employ the wide-angle lens to blend out the best results –
- Landscape Photography
- Large group photos
5. Zoom camera Lens
Zoom camera lenses bring you a ton of focal lengths in one single lens. A zoom lens allows easy and quick reframing of a picture. Typically zoom lens feature two focal lengths, one is the shortest, and the other is the longest. These lenses allow you to conveniently shift the angle of view without actually replacing the lens.
When to use the zoom camera lens
There is a bucket full of uses of the zoom camera lens. Some of the most common uses are as follows –
- Event photography
There are various types of lenses, and every type comes with a specific characteristic. All the lenses are classified based on their aperture value and focal length. If you are just in the initial stages of your photography career, make sure to have a keen knowledge of the lens and other photography tools. Also, ensure that you add all the five types of lenses mentioned above to your photography kit.